A thematic study of the history of english literature PDF

Jump to navigation Jump to search Not to be confused with Histology. An almost naked Truth keeps an eye on the writer of history. Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in A thematic study of the history of english literature PDF history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject.

Författare: Felicita Jurlaro.

L’opera espone le fondamentali linee di sviluppo della letteratura inglese a partire dalle sue origini. Rispetto ad altri studi del genere, essa si segnala per un approccio tematico e non cronologico, anche se all’interno delle grandi aree individuate (Poesia Narrativa e Nonsense; Sonetto; Teatro) è seguito l’iter evolutivo di ciascuna forma letteraria.

The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular sources, techniques, and theoretical approaches. The research interests of historians change over time, and there has been a shift away from traditional diplomatic, economic, and political history toward newer approaches, especially social and cultural studies. In the early modern period, the term historiography meant “the writing of history”, and historiographer meant “historian”. When you study ‘historiography’ you do not study the events of the past directly, but the changing interpretations of those events in the works of individual historians. Understanding the past appears to be a universal human need, and the “telling of history” has emerged independently in civilizations around the world. The earliest chronologies date back to Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, though no historical writers in these early civilizations were known by name. By contrast, the term “historiography” is taken to refer to written history recorded in a narrative format for the purpose of informing future generations about events.

One of the Confucian Five Classics, the Shang Shu 尚書, has conventionally been given the English title Classic of History. The first true history of China is therefore the Spring and Autumn Annals, the official chronicle of the State of Lu covering the period from 722 to 481 BCE. Just as the Spring and Autumn annals has lent their name to the Spring and Autumn period they cover, the following Warring States period is named after the book Intrigues of the Warring States, compiled between the 3rd and 1st centuries BCE. China to lay the groundwork for professional historical writing. Traditional Chinese historiography describes history in terms of dynastic cycles. In this view, each new dynasty is founded by a morally righteous founder.

Over time, the dynasty becomes morally corrupt and dissolute. Eventually, the dynasty becomes so weak as to allow its replacement by a new dynasty. Bamboo Annals, after the writing material. It is similar in style to the Spring and Autumn Annals and covers the time from the Yellow Emperor to 299 BC. Reproduction of part of a tenth-century copy of Thucydides’s History of the Peloponnesian War. The earliest known systematic historical thought emerged in ancient Greece, a development which would be an important influence on the writing of history elsewhere around the Mediterranean region. Greek historians greatly contributed to the development of historical methodology.

Thucydides largely eliminated divine causality in his account of the war between Athens and Sparta, establishing a rationalistic element which set a precedent for subsequent Western historical writings. Philip II of Macedon marked the height of ancient political agitation. Rome to world prominence, and attempted to harmonize the Greek and Roman points of view. The Romans adopted the Greek tradition, writing at first in Greek, but eventually chronicling their history in a freshly non-Greek language.

Greco-Roman tradition of combining geography with history, presenting a descriptive history of peoples and places known to his era. Roman immorality by praising German virtues, elaborating on the topos of the Noble savage. Christian historiography began early, perhaps as early as Luke-Acts, which is the primary source for the Apostolic Age, though its historical reliability is disputed. Writing history was popular among Christian monks and clergy in the Middle Ages. They wrote about the history of Jesus Christ, that of the Church and that of their patrons, the dynastic history of the local rulers.

During the Renaissance, history was written about states or nations. The study of history changed during the Enlightenment and Romanticism. Voltaire described the history of certain ages that he considered important, rather than describing events in chronological order. Autograph writing of Ibn Khaldun, pioneer of historiography, cultural history, and the philosophy of history. Muslim historical writings first began to develop in the 7th century, with the reconstruction of the Prophet Muhammad’s life in the centuries following his death. With numerous conflicting narratives regarding Muhammad and his companions from various sources, it was necessary to verify which sources were more reliable. The earliest works of history produced in Japan were the Rikkokushi, a corpus of six national histories covering the history of Japan from its mythological beginnings until the 9th century.