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Africana. Rivista di studi extraeuropei (2015) PDF

A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of africana. Rivista di studi extraeuropei (2015) PDF League of Nations. The mandate system was established under Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, entered into on 28 June 1919. The mandate system was established by Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, drafted by the victors of World War I.

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La rivista “Africana” si presenta con una serie di lavori prodotti da studiosi di discipline relative a Afrina, America latina ed Asia, a significare la volontà di realizzare gli scopi del’Associazione di studi extraeuropei (ASE).

All of the territories subject to League of Nations mandates were previously controlled by states defeated in World War I, principally Imperial Germany and the Ottoman Empire. The formal removal of sovereignty of the state previously controlling the territory. The transfer of mandatory powers to individual states among the Allied Powers. Peace treaties have played an important role in the formation of the modern law of nations. Many rules that govern the relations between states have been introduced and codified in the terms of peace treaties. The first twenty-six articles of the Treaty of Versailles contained the Covenant of the League of Nations. Article 22 was written two months before the signing of the peace treaty, before it was known what communities, peoples, or territories were related to sub-paragraphs 4, 5, and 6.

The treaty was signed, and the peace conference had been adjourned, before a formal decision was made. The treaty contained no provision for the mandates to be allocated on the basis of decisions taken by four members of the League acting in the name of the so-called “Principal Allied and Associated Powers”. The decisions taken at the conferences of the Council of Four were not made on the basis of consultation or League unanimity as stipulated by the Covenant. In testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, a former US State Department official who had been a member of the American Commission at Paris testified that the United Kingdom and France had simply gone ahead and arranged the world to suit themselves.

United States Secretary of State Robert Lansing was a member of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace at Paris in 1919. He explained that the system of mandates was a device created by the Great Powers to conceal their division of the spoils of war under the colour of international law. The US failed to ratify the Treaty of Versailles which included the Covenant of the League of Nations so the US never joined the League. The article related that the “Mandates were not the creation of the League, and they could not in substance be altered by the League.