Gesta Theodorici: Leiden, University Cassiodoro. Alle origini dell’idea di restauro PDF, Ms. Roman statesman, renowned scholar of antiquity, and writer serving in the administration of Theoderic the Great, king of the Ostrogoths. Senator was part of his surname, not his rank. He also founded a monastery, Vivarium, where he spent the last years of his life.
Författare: Alessandro Pergoli Campanelli.
L’opera di Flavio Magno Aurelio Cassiodoro Senatore, illustre rappresentante dell’antica aristocrazia romana ma anche della nascente cultura cristiana, è l’espressione d’una nuova sensibilità per la conservazione e il restauro delle eredità del passato. E proprio, infatti, dal sincretismo fra il diritto romano e la cultura cristiana che si svilupparono già a cavallo fra V e VI secolo significative anticipazioni di quel moderno sentimento di conservazione e di consapevole trasmissione al futuro, nella loro concreta materialità, delle vestigia “autentiche” del passato a cui Cassiodoro dedicò tutta la sua vita e che, ancora oggi, caratterizzano il contributo italiano e, più in generale, quello dell’intera cultura occidentale, alla disciplina del restauro.
Cassiodorus was born at Scylletium, near Catanzaro in Calabria, Italy. His ancestry included some of the most prominent ministers of the state extending back several generations. Cassiodorus began his career under the auspices of his father, about in his twentieth year, when the latter made him his consiliarius upon his own appointment to the Praetorian Prefecture. 523 as the immediate successor of Boethius, who was then falling from grace after less than a year as magister officiorum, and who was sent to prison and later executed. Symmachus, by this time a distinguished elder statesman, followed Boethius to the block within a year. There is no mention in Cassiodorus’ selection of official correspondence of the death of Boethius.
Athalaric died in early 534, and the remainder of Cassiodorus’ public career was dominated by the Byzantine reconquest and dynastic intrigue among the Ostrogoths. His last letters were drafted in the name of Vitiges. Cassiodorus spent his career trying to bridge the 6th-century cultural divides: between East and West, Greek culture and Latin, Roman and Goth, and between an Orthodox people and their Arian rulers. In his retirement, he founded the monastery of Vivarium on his family estates on the shores of the Ionian Sea, and his writings turned to religion. Vivarium from the Bamberg manuscript of the Institutiones Patr. Cassiodorus’ Vivarium “monastery school” was composed of two main buildings: a coenobitic monastery and a retreat, for those who desired a more solitary life.
Both were located on the site of the modern Santa Maria de Vetere near Squillace. I was moved by divine love to devise for you, with God’s help, these introductory books to take the place of a teacher. Through them I believe that both the textual sequence of Holy Scripture and also a compact account of secular letters may, with God’s grace, be revealed. The first section of the Institutiones deals with Christian texts, and was intended to be used in combination with the Expositio Psalmorum. The library at Vivarium was still active c. 630, when the monks brought the relics of Saint Agathius from Constantinople, dedicating to him a spring-fed fountain shrine that still exists. Cassiodorus devoted much of his life to supporting education within the Christian community at large.
When his proposed theological university in Rome was denied, he was forced to re-examine his entire approach to how material was learned and interpreted. Beyond demanding the pursuit of discipline among his students, Cassiodorus encouraged the study of the liberal arts. He believed these arts were part of the content of the Bible, and some mastery of them—especially grammar and rhetoric—necessary for a complete understanding of it. Cassiodorus is rivalled only by Boethius in his drive to preserve and explore classical literature during the 6th century AD.
He found the writings of the Greeks and Romans valuable for their expression of higher truths where other arts failed. His love for classical thought also influenced his administration of Vivarium. Cassiodorus connected deeply with Christian neoplatonism, which saw beauty as concomitant with the Good. It is also worth noting that all Greek and Roman works were heavily screened to ensure only proper exposure to text, fitting with the rest of the structured learning. Before the founding of Vivarium, the copying of manuscripts had been a task reserved for either inexperienced or physically infirm devotees, and was performed at the whim of literate monks. Through the influence of Cassiodorus, the monastic system adopted a more vigorous, widespread, and regular approach to reproducing documents within the monastery. This change in daily life also became associated with a higher purpose: the process was not merely associated with disciplinary habit, but also with the preservation of history.
During Cassiodorus’ lifetime, theological study was on the decline and classical writings were disappearing. Despite his contributions to monastic order, literature, and education, Cassiodorus’ labors were not well acknowledged. After his death he was only partially recognized by historians of the age, including Bede, as an obscure supporter of the Church. In their descriptions of Cassiodorus, medieval scholars have been documented to change his name, profession, place of residence, and even his religion. The works not assigned as a part of Cassiodorus’ educational program must be examined critically.
Because he had been working under the newly dominant power of the Ostrogoths, the writer demonstrably alters the narrative of history for the sake of protecting himself. The same could easily be said about his ideas, which were presented as non-threatening in their approach to peaceful meditation and its institutional isolationism. Denis de Sainte-Marthe: La vie de Cassiodore, chancelier et premier ministre de Theoderic le Grand. Cassiodorus: Chapter 1, Backgrounds and Some Dates”. Halporn and Vessey, Cassiodorus: Institutions, 68.
Halporn and Vessey, Cassiodorus: Institutions, 66. A History of the Early Church. The Influence of Cassiodorus on Medieval Culture”. General Audience of Pope Benedict XVI, Boethius and Cassiodorus. Cassiodorus’ Institutes and Christian Book Selection”. The Value and Influence of Cassiodorus’s Ecclesiastical History”.