Winged genius facing a woman with a tambourine and mirror, from southern Pietas loci PDF, about 320 BC. Much like a guardian angel, the genius would follow each man from the hour of his birth until the day he died.
Författare: Aurelio Bernardi.
The concept extended to some specifics: the genius of the theatre, of vineyards, and of festivals, which made performances successful, grapes grow, and celebrations succeed, respectively. It was extremely important in the Roman mind to propitiate the appropriate genii for the major undertakings and events of their lives. The Christian theologian Augustine equated the Christian “soul” with the Roman genius, citing Varro as attributing the rational powers and abilities of every human being to their genius. Although the term genius might apply to any divinity whatsoever, most of the higher-level and state genii had their own well-established names. Houses, doors, gates, streets, districts, tribes, each one had its own genius. Genii were often viewed as protective spirits, as one would propitiate them for protection.
Hundreds of lararia, or family shrines, have been discovered at Pompeii, typically off the atrium, kitchen or garden, where the smoke of burnt offerings could vent through the opening in the roof. The genius appears explicitly in Roman literature as early as Plautus, where one character in the play, Captivi, jests that the father of another is so avaricious that he uses cheap Samian ware in sacrifices to his own genius, so as not to tempt the genius to steal it. Octavius Caesar on return to Rome after the final victory of the Roman Civil War at the Battle of Actium appeared to the Senate to be a man of great power and success, clearly a mark of divinity. Inscription on votive altar to the genius of Legio VII Gemina by L. If the genius of the imperator, or commander of all troops, was to be propitiated, so was that of all the units under his command. Surviving from the time of the empire hundreds of dedicatory, votive and sepulchral inscriptions ranging over the entire territory testify to a floruit of genius worship as an official cult. Lararium with small, central ancestral genius figure flanked by Lares, above a serpent-genius representing fertility.
Genius of love, Meister des Rosenromans, c. Genius of Palermo, Ignazio Marabitti, c. Genius of the Peace of Paris, by Chr. Meford, MA: Perseus Digital Library, Tufts University. Mary Ann Dwight Grecian and Roman Mythology p.
The City of God against the Pagans. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Roman Domestic Religion: The Archaeology of Roman Popular Art. Rituals and Ceremonies in Popular Culture. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green University Popular Press. The imperial cult in the Latin West: studies in the ruler cult of the western provinces of the Roman Empire.