Jump to navigation Jump to search “Firenze” redirects here. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,084 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area. Florence was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the the gardens of Florence and Tuscany PDF cities of that era.
Författare: Mariachiara Pozzana.
A complete guide, abundantly illustrated, to all of the gardens, public and private, now open to visitors, gardens that enrich still further the vast cultural heritage of a city and a region beloved by Italy and the whole world. Maps, drawings and botanical descriptions make this guide very helpful to tourists, as well as highly interesting to garden-lovers and experts in the field. The description of each garden is accompanied by historical information on the architects, gardeners, artists and clients who created it, as well as itineraries for enjoying it to the fullest, and all the information needed to plan a visit. Gardens, an important part of Italy’s great artistic heritage, are only too often little known or hard to find. Thanks to this guide, they can now be fully explored, appreciated and admired.
The city attracts millions of tourists each year, and the Historic Centre of Florence was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. Florence originated as a Roman city, and later, after a long period as a flourishing trading and banking medieval commune, it was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. The language spoken in the city during the 14th century was, and still is, accepted as the Italian language. Almost all the writers and poets in Italian literature of the golden age are in some way connected with Florence, leading ultimately to the adoption of the Florentine dialect, above all the local dialects, as a literary language of choice.
Starting from the late Middle Ages, Florentine money—in the form of the gold florin—financed the development of industry all over Europe, from Britain to Bruges, to Lyon and Hungary. Florentine bankers financed the English kings during the Hundred Years War. Florence was home to the Medici, one of European history’s most important noble families. Lorenzo de’ Medici was considered a political and cultural mastermind of Italy in the late 15th century. Etrurian Kingdom and War Flag with Great Royal Coat of Arms. In centuries to come, the city experienced turbulent periods of Ostrogothic rule, during which the city was often troubled by warfare between the Ostrogoths and the Byzantines, which may have caused the population to fall to as few as 1,000 people. Margrave Hugo chose Florence as his residency instead of Lucca at about 1000 AD.