Enter the characters the x initiative yearbook PDF see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Jump to navigation Jump to search This article covers efforts under the SDIO. 1984 within the United States Department of Defense to oversee development.
Under the SDIO’s Innovative Sciences and Technology Office, headed by physicist and engineer Dr. In 1987, the American Physical Society concluded that the technologies being considered were decades away from being ready for use, and at least another decade of research was required to know whether such a system was even possible. After the publication of the APS report, SDIs budget was repeatedly cut. SDI was highly controversial throughout its history, and was criticized for threatening to destabilize the MAD-approach and to possibly re-ignite “an offensive arms race”. This led to a series of projects including Nike Zeus, Nike-X, Sentinel and ultimately the Safeguard Program, all aimed at deploying a nationwide defensive system against attacks by Soviet ICBMs. Spartan missile of the late-1960s was designed to provide full-country defense as part of the Sentinel-Safeguard programs.
When initially faced with this problem, President Eisenhower asked ARPA to consider alternative concepts. Through this period, the entire topic of BMD became increasingly controversial. Early deployment plans were met with little interest, but by the late 1960s, public meetings on the Sentinel system were met by thousands of angry protesters. A Soviet military A-35 anti-ballistic missile system was deployed around Moscow to intercept enemy ballistic missiles targeting the city or its surrounding areas. Snapper test shots, are known as the “rope trick effect”. Development of laser weapons in the Soviet Union began in 1964-1965. 1974 Soviet Salyut 3 space station, a satellite that successfully test fired its cannon in orbit.
In 1979 Edward Teller contributed to a Hoover Institution publication where he claimed that the US would be facing an emboldened USSR due to their work on civil defense. In 1979, Ronald Reagan visited the NORAD command base, Cheyenne Mountain Complex, where he was first introduced to the extensive tracking and detection systems extending throughout the world and into space. In the fall of 1979, at Reagan’s request, Lieutenant General Daniel O. Graham was not alone in considering the anti-missile problem.